Prevalence of one party rule in african states essay

March The result was consistent accumulation of wealth in a very small portion of the national community and amongst international interests, as the bulk of the Ivorian economy was based on exports Ibid, p.

Why did most african states adopt a one party system

Ghana presents a slightly different picture. For example, the coup in Brazil was followed by a coup in Argentina in , coups in Chile and Uruguay in , and another coup in Argentina in With regard to domestic politics, high degrees of political conflict especially ethnic and religious conflict , economic crises, weak political parties especially right-wing parties , and low-capacity state institutions have been observed to precede military takeovers. Within the U. Military Rule With much the same fanfare of the one-party state, military rule barged into the political scene claiming to be acting in the best interest of the people. Therefore the patrimonial systems were left to flourish regardless of the head of state p. March Other types of authoritarian rule distinct from military rule include traditional e. However, despite the regime split in name, as has been noted above and Gutteridge argues military governments ran essentially like one-party states.

See Article History Alternative Title: military regime Military rule, political regime in which the military as an organization holds a preponderance of power. Thus this essay makes no attempt to generalize about the essential nature of one-party regime or military regimes.

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Such is the trappings of either the OnePartyState or the Military rule. Nairobi, Kenya: Academy Science Publishers, p. As Decalo argues, they failed to institutionalize or create a stable political order and paraded around with superficial legitimization by appropriating civilian structures and garments while their modernization and development tactics were largely dysfunctional p.

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The following discussion purports to do just that and in doing so will examine their prevalence in each case study strictly within the period of — covered in this essay.

That such an action could be justified on the grounds of compromise speaks volumes to the brute strength of the military regime in its governance tactics.

Prevalence of one party rule in african states essay

The scope is necessarily limited to two case studies. However, defining corruption itself could consume this entire essay and many more. In a classic case of overinvestment into resources, the economic crash was compounded by greedy spending during the preceding period of high international market prices when elites expected high returns on their investments. Much can be said of the individual leaders, the international influences on the two countries, their different colonial histories and their different populations—to name only a few variables. To fully understand this overlap, however, clear definitions of the outcomes are required. Transparency International. The Journal of Modern African Studies. Furthermore, the military regimes consistently felt threats of counter-coups and indeed Rawlings enacted one because of the immense economic stagnation Gutteridge , p. The term military rule as used here is synonymous with military regime and refers to a subtype of authoritarian regime. While it should be noted that in Ghana under military rule business men, academics and the press did gain more freedom, with regards to corruption a best case scenario suggested that petty bribery and corruption remained endemic Gutteridge , p. Nevertheless, upon assuming power, the first military regime and those which followed continuously took up the same infrastructure and institutions used by their civilian predecessors and largely remnant from the colonial rule of oppression Gutteridge , p. The statement seems quite obvious on the outset. Decalo, S. Thus this essay makes no attempt to generalize about the essential nature of one-party regime or military regimes.
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